Urtica Dioica, also sometimes known as the common nettle or stinging nettle, is native to Europe and Asia, and is an herbaceous flowering plant.
This plant possesses short microscopic outgrowths, which act in a way similar to hypodermic needles, and inject a chemical that produces stinging sensation when it comes in contact with other animals, hence the name.
This plant has been known for its medicinal properties, and is also a good source of fiber. Nettles are also known to be a good food for butterfly larva, and are consumed by many moths too!
Now let’s take a closer look at the different medicinal properties that this herb carries, and how it is being used today.
- Nettle is rich in vitamins A and C, and is also known to contain good quantities of other essential micronutrients including iron, calcium, manganese and potassium.
- The leaves of this plant have been used for a long time as a natural treatment for arthritis in Germany, and is also effective against a wide range of joint problems
- Urinary problems like enlarged prostate, frequent urination, painful urination and irritation of the bladder can also be handled by taking the extracts of this plant as a natural remedy.
- The root of this plant is believed to possess diuretic and astringent properties, and is useful in the treatment of urinary tract infections, urinary tract inflammation, kidney stones and other conditions.
- The parts of nettle that are found above the ground are used as a treatment for hay fever, osteoarthritis and many allergies.
- The extracts of this plant may also be used to deal with hair loss, oily scalp, muscle aches and pains, nosebleed, internal bleeding, endocrine disorders, uterine bleeding and other conditions of the gastrointestinal origin.
- Nettle extracts have also been used in many hair and skin products, and is believed to hold valuable blood purification properties and may also help heal wounds.
- The extracts of this herb may also be used as a general tonic.
- While there is limited evidence to support this fact, it is believed that nettle extracts may help those suffering from type 2 diabetes and stimulate insulin production.